The Modern Poem in the UAE

13th Sep

Author: Abdul Fattah Sabri (Egypt)

Observers of the poetry and its position and reality will find that the Arab eloquent poetry, as well as the popular «Nabatee  »   in most cases  capture the attention of popular memory, and the mass- media try to keep pace with this memory as a kind of literary or cultural hypocrisy with a wrong belief  that out of the classical poetry writing means abandoning the language authentic values.  And therefore, there is a stream of rejection is still growing against the classical rhythmic poem and prose, despite the fact that the observer for the UAE poetry movement notices that classic poem is marginalized   and poets of modernity are the most numerous generation, but the less fortunate in the acceptance and publication.

This refusal leaning on the idea that getting out of the rhythmic classical poem is a deviation from the poetry mood, which lasted in its approach for centuries, and elaborated on the gourmets literature satisfaction with this stagnation stuffed by rigidity and not coping mainly with the overall changes that can affect things, as a natural approach  in the evolution of life, and the universe of Arts and the language, because the poetry is one axis of Arabic literature   It is the core of the statement and expression for  Arabs, and therefore  any alteration constitutes a violation of the essence of the heritage as imagined.  I believe that this cultural situation linked to the Arab mind who does not try to change and resist it, because abandoning these traditions means abandoning the community values and traditions.  I consider that adhering to the situation without scientific awareness is one of the problems of the Arab mind, which is conducive to adhere to all that is fixed and inherited in the consciousness of cultural memory. Remarkably, in monitoring that we see the adherents of this approach promote that being out on the Arabic classical rhythmic poem is pure sabotage of the heritage and the language, and consider it in the end conducive to modernity or linked to the novelty that rejects religion and leads to atheism.  These imaginations are always linked to certain names now constituting the   stream nerve in the Arab modern poem, and showing hostility against them, because they dared to delve into the issues should remain untouchable. If we remind them of some famous poets approached such issues would regard as rogue also like Abu Nawas , Dique Al Jin     Al Rusafi and others.

If the UAE's cultural memory cannot accommodate the poem of modernity, we also will notice that sometimes it cannot accommodate with some incomes of literature and   arts. The fact that this is one of the main reasons the task fading in the UAE cultural scene, despite the daily mobility that  shapes  official and civil and cultural institutions. Hardly this is the reason behind the marginalization of the cultural as well as other reasons.

 So we still seeing a woman hidden behind the pseudonym mask, although we are in an active development stage and the woman is going out to work and daily mobility after education, the same reasons that make educated Emirati or poet or writer melts away from the cultural activities, to practice the hobby of literature in secret, which   leads to confusion and lack of clarity.

 From here we notice that the prose poem is isolated and that many of the poets of modernity lying away in a state of schizophrenia and immobility at the national literary scene, tending to isolation, calm and social peace.

Remarkably, in the history of Arabic poetry in the UAE, we face the   scarcity of the researcher and the institution sources, as well as the lack of poetry as a distinctive voice, which means melting in the Arab identity. this can be an addition to the poet , but not for the poetry, neglecting the smell of the place, time and mirror, the behavior and values expressed somehow, unlike other arts story, for example, some people remained obsessed by  crying on the values of the pre-oil period  and the novel found a wide space  and singled out the impact of changes and shifts, and that's what it did not touch the  poetry, as  if the old famous  poets like , Salem Bin Ali Al Owais, Mubarak Aqili, Ahmed bin Sultan, Khalfan bin Misbah, Sultan Al Owais, and Ibrahim Al Madfaa   and others have assigned the responsibility of writing poetry to another generation who enjoyed it, the new poets carried with them the winds of change to this art, affected by the new waves of poetry in the Arab world, especially the new voices will re-write the history after the creation of the State, among them ; Ahmed Amin Al Madani, Hashem Al Mosawi, Abbas Al  Asfoor, Habib al Sayegh, Mohamed Al Aboodi, and Hala Matook.

The poetry began shaping a new phase  over passing beyond the persons  of the classic poem and enters them into   the rhythmic  poem leading quickly to the prose poem, that dared to present the new forms of the  text by  new names like Ahmed Rashid Thani,  Dhabia Khamis, Aref Al Khaja, Njoom  Al Ghanim, and Khaled Badr Obaid, and others, and then  a following wave continued on the same approach to the new poem and trying to catch her were Abdulaziz Jassim, Ibrahim Mohammed Ibrahim, Dhaen Shaheen, Kareem  Matouk, Thani  Al Suwaidi, Mohammed Al Mazroui, Ibrahim al-Hashemi, Adel Khuzam and others.

It is noticeable that these experiments Slipped out of the poem,s borders, but the ones of these experiences  held the reins of development in  the poem building, as it completed the forms and innovation that sailed in the epic and mythical dimensions, the other drifted into the philosophical and mystic, which entailed the ability to invent their own language as well as new meanings. The freedom of artistic expression should have led some of these poems to celebrate the language and the search for music and thus discover the importance of vocabularies, the images, meanings and   semantic relations, which focused on the prospects of these lanterns in texts change.

 Then the next wave came up among them Kholood  Al Mualla,  Saleha Gabsh, Mullah Ibrahim, Abdullah Abdul Wahab, Hanof Mohammed, Abdullah Al Sabab, Ahmed Alasm, and others. It should be noted that the accumulation of these poets waves cannot be separated in time or progress, but is simply a division of the briefing scene, despite the difficulty of the actual inventory and follow-up because a lot of creative experience in the UAE does not disclose easily for themselves which opens the question about the importance of the role of cultural thread in the UAE press,  not revealing these names, but it remains the biggest role to the owners of creativity in the storming of those platforms that colorful and open their doors insistently, It is interesting that this latest wave tried to break through barriers  of publishing and proliferation and definition, then Al Nawares  bulletin  was issued  but did not last too much, followed by the «visions» bulletin that printed 21 issues, with the participation of Ibrahim Al Mulla, Al Hanoof Mohamed, Massoud Amrallah, Abdulla Abdulwahab, and others.  In the same context another bulletin was issued titled «Delirium pen» founded by Abdullah and Ahmed Al Sabab and Ahmed Alasm also stopped after nine issues.

These attempts were a circumvention of the barriers of publication and proliferation, and to try to continue the promotion of these poets’ experiments, which bowed together in the end to reclusion and stagnation.   The march was not completed in the poetic scene, perhaps for their own reasons or for melting in the oven of the administrative work or in search of a place in the hierarchy of the unforgiving life   under market mechanisms controlling the human beings and has become exhausting.  The result is not paying attention to the writer   the creative and intellectual, while they constitute the mind of the nation and her guides to the future.

This quick outlook at the poetic scene does not offer a complete image except  few  points of access to the worlds of the poem, while in the eighties have witnessed  a poetry boom flourished as other innovation hubs, due primarily to the shining cultural movement which affected brilliantly the cultural institutions,  and allowed it to reach  a climate of freedom to launch the largest, as well as to seek with Arab creativity through major activities or events that supported the cultural activities     the poetic scene in  general and give by  the end a new generation a   separated from his heritage background,   leaving behind them  those who complain the non- adherence to their social values . Even the spectacle though the scene seems bright and noisy, but in fact does not have a whole but the of artificial wellbeing, since the life prevailing frameworks process apparently emptied poetry and creativity of effervescence, in the absence of important things for creativity, poetry has the merits of artificial language, to inflame the passions for the oppressed, to dream of emancipation following setbacks and adventure,   the naughty child dies in the spirit of the poet.

We continue to wait for the next without turning sight of those trying to catch burning moment from these experiences and enrich themselves, and center the poem at the causes of glory and the reasons of its sophism and glamour controversy leading to renewed   well-being as the following poem of Ibrahim Mohammed Ibrahim ,who   tried to  be completed in «from news bird »and Ibrahim Al-Mulla, who still giving us a transparent language, and Salha  Gabsh who still has a lot to give  slowly and deliberately, and Hanoof Mohammed, who owns the reveal secrets and high  sophism.  There are Asma  Al Zarouni and Hareb Al Daheri, and others . At the other side,  we find the closest voices  in the scene of prose poem, and who feel sorry for the future of poetry, including Mohammed Hassan, and Hashim Al Ostaz , Saad Juma , Ahmad Al Matrooshi, Ahmed Mansour, Khaled Al-Rashed, Jamal Ali, Isa Abbas,  and others. These names are not in a historic arrangement but been gathered around the theme of prose poem. If having a view at the modern poem, we find that they renounced its heritage authority   and swerving all models to Western examples. The themes seem gone to the same subject of the human being in search behind his internal sorrows and worries.

Glare of the text; glare of grief:  If we carefully study the UAE's poem in terms of language, we will find it varied.  Some had treated the poetic event without exceeding the sense of reality, and others who created a different imagined image out of her dimension. Of course some poems have high poetic intensity contributed to shine drama, image and imagination, prospects and implications,   outstanding liberal to national and human dimensions.  Although some of them recline at the local, traditional symbols «Palm, sea and desert. » When trying to access more to some of the texts in an attempt to highlight the moment to discover those texts, we find them all revealing pain and   dreams and the joints of the silent and vibrant rhythms and machining these putative moment is depending upon a particular text, because all the text is linked to what the poet has said, and the receiver cannot easily get a conclusion or approach according to philosophy and comprehension. So the openings   generated from text are not final, especially in such modernist texts with a dependent code, and even spaces conformation to what you draw in white remains, and striking   grief related to the modern poem. It is the human oppression, so looking for what to get out of the new life mechanisms and break alienation, oppression and fragmentation and search for self and psychological calm, and reject barriers, multiplied about a man age restrictions. But sometimes the grief is chanting the songs of sorrow and pain around people.